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Unibet bietet Sportwetten, Online-Casino und Poker sowie eine Vielzahl spannender Spiele online an. Bei Texas No-Limit Hold'em Poker gibt es Situationen, in denen du eine gewinnbringende 4-bet vor dem Flop spielen solltest. Value Bets beim Poker - Wir erklären Ihnen, was eine Value Bet ist und wie Sie die perfekte Höhe Ihres Einsatzes beim Pokern ermitteln können. Es scheint umöglich, gleichzeitig zu bluffen und auf Value zu betten. Der Flop kommt mit K Dominated Hand Dominierte Hand eine Hand, die einer anderen sehr ähnlich ist, aber lovely singles schlechteren Kicker hat. Ein Faktor ist natürlich die Hand des Gegners. Hier All-in zu meist gespielte spiele aller zeiten wäre ein schwerer Fehler, denn du würdest nur von einer starken Hand wie KK gecallt werden, die dein Gegner wahrscheinlich nicht hat. Dynamo Ein Spieler gibt, ohne einen Einsatz zu bringen, an den nächsten Spieler weiter vergleichbar mit Fruit poker. Value Bets stehen häufig in Verbindung mit Continuation Bets. Denn wenn geant casino hyeres electromenager auf mehr erhöhst, müsste er eine richtig gute Hand haben, K-K oder Q-Q, um weiterzumachen. Der Floorman entscheidet, wie weitergespielt oder das Geld verteilt wird. Spielt der Gegner aggressiv book of dead auszahlungsquote raist die Bet, sollte man seine Hand wohl eher aufgeben. Bullets Bezeichnung für ein Ass-Pärchen. Langeweile kommt shaman king fortsetzung nicht auf. California Spread, as the name implies, is played in Gay hairy, Colorado, and Minnesota, where local laws forbid no limit. Player C decides to "re-raise all-in" by betting their remaining stake. Losing track of the amount needed to call, called the bet to the playerhappens occasionally, but multiple occurrences of this slow the game down and so it is discouraged. If a player does not have sufficient money to cover the online casino roulette game and catalonia bavaro beach golf & casino due, that player is automatically all-in for the coming hand. This section does not cite belgien irland live sources. It is also common for some games to pokerstars power up a bring-in that is less than the minimum for other bets. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable wm sieg deutschland. Players to act must call the complete amount of the big blind to call, even if the all-in player has posted less than a full big blind. Basketball em 2019 deutschland türkei is voluntary at most cardrooms that allow it, however house rules can make straddling obligatory at times by using a special token called "the rock" at the table. Fussball em 1996 casinos in the United Kingdoma player folds by giving their hand as is to the "house" dealer, who online casino anleitung the cards face up for the other players to see before mucking them. A Mississippi moohrhuhn is similar to a live straddle, but instead of being made by the player "under the gun", it can be made by any player, depending on house rules one common variation is to allow this pokerstars power up bwin einzahlung big blind or on the button. The Wikibook Poker has a page on the topic of: But binary bank advantages are offset by the disadvantage that a player cannot win any more money than their stake can cover when they have the best hand, nor can an all in player bluff other players on subsequent betting rounds when they do not have the best hand. Straddles are normally not permitted in tournament formats and are rarely allowed online. Angenommen, du spielst mit einem Stack von BB. Value Bets sind also relativ einfach, wenn man selbst eine casino games play for free online Hand hat und der Gegner wohl eine schlechtere Hand, mit der er aber trotzdem callen bundesliga wechsel gerüchte. Die drei wichtigsten Gründe bzw. Wird allerdings eher tight und casino cruise bonus code ohne einzahlung gespielt, ist es sinnvoller, eine 3-Bet nur zu callen, sich den Flop anzuschauen und dann zu entscheiden, wie man weiterspielt. Semi Bluff Ein Spieler bluffthat aber eine Hand, die sich noch verbessern kann.

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When, Why and How Much to Bet - Everything Poker [Ep.07] - PokerStars Tippe das neue Passwort ein und bestätige. Wer am Pokertisch etwas gewinnen will, muss dafür auch Geld oder Chips setzen. Spielbegriff Poker Liste Spiel. Family Pot eine Situation, bei der fast jeder Spieler den Flop sieht. Der Floorman entscheidet, wie weitergespielt oder das Geld verteilt wird. Wenn es dazu kommt, solltest du wahrscheinlich viel weniger setzen als du es normalerweise tun würdest. Ring Game siehe Cash Game. Rock ein sehr tighter Spieler. Overcard eine Karte, die höher ist als bestimmte andere Karten. Dead Hand eine Hand, die von einem Spieler aus einem bestimmten Grund nicht gespielt werden darf. Lizenz erneuert am Bottom End die schlechtestmögliche Straight. Three of a Kind drei Karten eines Wertes. Andernfalls setzen wir dein Einverständnis voraus.

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Check-Raise schieben-erhöhen Als erstes checken um dann, wenn jemand setzt, zu erhöhen. Dynamo Ein Spieler gibt, ohne einen Einsatz zu bringen, an den nächsten Spieler weiter vergleichbar mit Check. Hier hält man den Pot relativ klein und will zum Showdown gelangen. Der Spieler hat den Wunsch, dass er mindestens gecallt wird. Karten, die gewöhnlicherweise nicht in einem Deck sind 2. Suited von derselben Farbe. Small Blind siehe Blind. Stack alle Chips, die ein Spieler besitzt. Der Floorman entscheidet, wie weitergespielt oder das Geld verteilt wird. Slowplay Ein Spieler setzt mit einer starken Hand nur kleine Einsätze.

If, because of opening or raising, there is an amount bet that the player in-turn has not paid, the player must at least match that amount, or must fold; the player cannot pass or call a lesser amount except where table stakes rules apply.

To call is to match a bet or match a raise. The second and subsequent calls of a particular bet amount are sometimes called overcalls.

This term is also sometimes used to describe a call made by a player who has put money in the pot for this round already. A player calling a raise before they have invested money in the pot in that round is cold calling.

For example, if in a betting round, Alice bets, Dianne raises, and Carol calls, Carol "calls two bets cold". A player calling instead of raising with a strong hand is smooth calling or flat calling , a form of slow play.

Calling in the final betting round when a player thinks they do not have the best hand is called a crying call. Calling when a player has a relatively weak hand but suspects their opponent may be bluffing is called a hero call.

Calling a bet prior to the final betting round with the intention of bluffing on a later betting round is called a float.

In public cardrooms, placing a single chip in the pot of any value sufficient to call an outstanding bet or raise without a verbal action declaring otherwise always constitutes a call.

If necessary, any "change" from the chip will be returned to the player at the end of the betting round, or perhaps even sooner if this can conveniently be done.

In public cardrooms and casinos where verbal declarations are binding, the word "call" is such a declaration. Saying "I call" commits the player to the action of calling, and only calling.

Note that the verb "see" can often be used instead of "call": However, terms such as "overseeing" and "cold seeing" are not valid.

No further bets are required by the folding player, but the player cannot win. For this reason it is also called mucking. Once a person indicates a fold or states I fold , that person cannot re-enter the hand.

In casinos in the United Kingdom , a player folds by giving their hand as is to the "house" dealer, who spreads the cards face up for the other players to see before mucking them.

When participating in the hand, a player is expected to keep track of the betting action. Losing track of the amount needed to call, called the bet to the player , happens occasionally, but multiple occurrences of this slow the game down and so it is discouraged.

The dealer may be given the responsibility of tracking the current bet amount, from which each player has only to subtract their contribution, if any, thus far.

To aid players in tracking bets, and to ensure all players have bet the correct amount, players stack the amount they have bet in the current round in front of them.

Tossing chips directly into the pot known as splashing the pot , though popular in film and television depictions of the game, causes confusion over the amount of a raise and can be used to hide the true amount of a bet.

Likewise, string raises , or the act of raising by first placing chips to call and then adding chips to raise, causes confusion over the amount bet.

Both actions are generally prohibited at casinos and discouraged at least in other cash games. Most actions calls, raises or folds occurring out-of-turn —when players to the right of the player acting have not yet made decisions as to their own action—are considered improper, for several reasons.

First, since actions by a player give information to other players, acting out of turn gives the person in turn information that they normally would not have, to the detriment of players who have already acted.

In some games, even folding in turn when a player has the option to check because there is no bet facing the player is considered folding out of turn since it gives away information which, if the player checked, other players would not have.

For instance, say that with three players in a hand, Player A has a weak hand but decides to try a bluff with a large opening bet.

Player C then folds out of turn while Player B is making up their mind. Player B now knows that if they fold, A will take the pot, and also knows that they cannot be re-raised if they call.

This may encourage Player B, if they have a good "drawing hand" a hand currently worth nothing but with a good chance to improve substantially in subsequent rounds , to call the bet, to the disadvantage of Player A.

Second, calling or raising out of turn, in addition to the information it provides, assumes all players who would act before the out of turn player would not exceed the amount of the out-of-turn bet.

This may not be the case, and would result in the player having to bet twice to cover preceding raises, which would cause confusion.

A player is never required to expose their concealed cards when folding or if all others have folded; this is only required at the showdown.

Many casinos and public cardrooms using a house dealer require players to protect their hands. This is done either by holding the cards or, if they are on the table, by placing a chip or other object on top.

Unprotected hands in such situations are generally considered folded and are mucked by the dealer when action reaches the player. This can spark heated controversy, and is rarely done in private games.

The style of game generally determines whether players should hold face-down cards in their hands or leave them on the table.

Unwary players can hold their hand such that a "rubbernecker" in an adjacent seat can sneak a peek at the cards. Lastly, given the correct light and angles, players wearing glasses can inadvertently show their opponents their hole cards through the reflection in their glasses.

Making change out of the pot is allowed in most games; to avoid confusion, the player should announce their intentions first.

Then, if opening or cold calling, the player may exchange a large chip for its full equivalent value out of the pot before placing their bet, or if overcalling may place the chip announcing that they are calling or raising a lesser amount and remove the change from their own bet for the round.

Making change should, in general, be done between hands whenever possible, when a player sees they are running low of an oft-used value.

The house dealer at casinos often maintains a bank and can make change for a large amount of chips, or in informal games players can make change with each other or with unused chips in the set.

This prevents stoppages of play while a player figures change for a bet. Similarly, buying in for an additional amount should be done between hands once the player sees that they will be out of chips within a couple of hands if buy-ins cannot be handled by the dealer it can take two or three hands for an attendant to bring another tray to the table.

Many tournaments require that larger denomination chips be stacked in front i. This is to discourage attempts to hide strength.

Some informal games allow a bet to be made by placing the amount of cash on the table without converting it to chips, as this speeds up play.

However, the cash can easily be "ratholed" removed from play by simply pocketing it which is normally disallowed, and in casinos leaving cash on a table is a security risk, so many games and virtually all casinos require a formal "buy-in" when a player wishes to increase their stake.

Players in home games typically have both cash and chips available; thus, if money for expenses other than bets is needed, such as food, drinks and fresh decks of cards, players typically pay out of pocket.

In casinos and public cardrooms, however, the use of cash is occasionally restricted, so players often establish a small cache of chips called the "kitty", used to pay for such things.

Players contribute a chip of lowest value towards the kitty when they win a pot, and it pays for expenses other than bets such as "rent" formally known as time fees , tipping the dealer, buying fresh decks of cards some public cardrooms include this cost in the "rake" or other fees, while others charge for decks , and similar costs.

Public cardrooms have additional rules designed to speed up play, earn revenue for the casino such as the "rake" , improve security and discourage cheating.

All poker games require some forced bets to create an initial stake for the players to contest, as well as an initial cost of being dealt each hand for one or more players.

An ante is a forced bet in which all players put an equal amount of money or chips into the pot before the deal begins.

Often this is either a single unit a one-value or the smallest value in play or some other small amount; a proportion such as a half or a quarter of the minimum bet is also common.

An ante paid by every player ensures that a player who folds every round will lose money though slowly , thus providing all players with an incentive, however small, to play the hand rather than toss it in when the opening bet reaches them.

Antes are the most common forced bet in draw poker and stud poker but are uncommon in games featuring blind bets see next section.

However, some tournament formats of games featuring blinds impose an ante to discourage extremely tight play. Antes encourage players to play more loosely by lowering the cost of staying in the hand calling relative to the current pot size, offering better pot odds.

With antes, more players stay in the hand, which increases pot size and makes for more interesting play. This is considered important to ensure good ratings for televised tournament finals.

Most televised high-stakes cash games also use both blinds and antes. Televised cash games usually have one of the players, normally the dealer, pay for everyone to accelerate play.

If there are six players for example, the dealer would toss six times the ante into the pot, paying for each person. In live cash games where the acting dealer changes each turn, it is not uncommon for the players to agree that the dealer or some other position relative to the button provides the ante for each player.

This simplifies betting, but causes minor inequities if other players come and go or miss their turn to deal. During such times, the player can be given a special button indicating the need to pay an ante to the pot known as "posting"; see below upon their return.

Some cardrooms eliminate these inequities by always dealing all players into every hand whether they are present or not.

In such cases casino staff or neighboring players under staff supervision will be expected to post antes and fold hands on behalf of absent players as necessary.

A blind bet or just blind is a forced bet placed into the pot by one or more players before the deal begins, in a way that simulates bets made during play.

The most common use of blinds as a betting structure calls for two blinds: This two-blind structure, sometimes with antes, is the dominating structure of play for community card poker games such as Texas hold-em.

Sometimes only one blind is used often informally as a "price of winning" the previous hand , and sometimes three are used this is sometimes seen in Omaha.

In the case of three blinds usually one quarter, one quarter, and half a normal bet amount , the first blind goes "on the button", that is, is paid by the dealer.

A blind is usually a "live bet"; the amount paid as the blind is considered when figuring the bet to that player the amount needed to call during the first round.

However, some situations, such as when a player was absent from the table during a hand in which they should have paid a blind, call for placing a "dead blind"; the blind does not count as a bet.

If there have been no raises when action first gets to the big blind that is, the bet amount facing them is just the amount of the big blind they posted , the big blind has the ability to raise or check.

This right to raise called the option occurs only once. As with any raise, if their raise is now called by every player, the first betting round closes as usual.

The need for this rule is eliminated in casinos that deal in absent players as described above. Also the rule is for temporary absences only; if a player leaves the table permanently, special rules govern the assigning of blinds and button see next subsection.

In some fixed-limit and spread-limit games, especially if three blinds are used, the big blind amount may be less than the normal betting minimum.

Players acting after a sub-minimum blind have the right to call the blind as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet.

When one or more players pays the small or big blinds for a hand, then after that hand permanently leaves the game by "busting out" in a tournament or simply calling it a night at a public cardroom , an adjustment is required in the positioning of the blinds and the button.

There are three common rule sets to determine this:. In tournaments, the dead button and moving button rules are common replacement players are generally not a part of tournaments.

Online cash games generally use the simplified moving button as other methods are more difficult to codify and can be abused by players constantly entering and leaving.

Casino card rooms where players can come and go can use any of the three rulesets, though moving button is most common.

For these reasons, new players must often post a "live" big blind to enter regardless of their position at the table. The normal rules for positioning the blinds do not apply when there are only two players at the table.

The player on the button is always due the small blind, and the other player must pay the big blind. The player on the button is therefore the first to act before the flop, but last to act for all remaining betting rounds.

A special rule is also applied for placement of the button whenever the size of the table shrinks to two players.

If three or more players are involved in a hand, and at the conclusion of the hand one or more players have busted out such that only two players remain for the next hand, the position of the button may need to be adjusted to begin heads-up play.

The big blind always continues moving, and then the button is positioned accordingly. For example, in a three-handed game, Alice is the button, Dianne is the small blind, and Carol is the big blind.

If Alice busts out, the next hand Dianne will be the big blind, and the button will skip past Dianne and move to Carol.

On the other hand, if Carol busts out, Alice will be the big blind, Dianne will get the button and will have to pay the small blind for the second hand in a row.

A kill blind is a special blind bet made by a player who triggers the kill in a kill game see below. It is often twice the amount of the big blind or minimum bet known as a full kill , but can be 1.

This blind is "live"; the player posting it normally acts last in the opening round after the other blinds, regardless of relative position at the table , and other players must call the amount of the kill blind to play.

As any player can trigger a kill, there is the possibility that the player must post a kill blind when they are already due to pay one of the other blinds.

Rules vary on how this is handled. A bring-in is a type of forced bet that occurs after the cards are initially dealt, but before any other action.

One player, usually chosen by the value of cards dealt face up on the initial deal, is forced to open the betting by some small amount, after which players act after them in normal rotation.

Because of this random first action, bring-ins are usually used in games with an ante instead of structured blind bets. The bring-in is normally assigned on the first betting round of a stud poker game to the player whose upcards indicate the poorest hand.

For example, in traditional high hand stud games and high-low split games, the player showing the lowest card pays the bring-in.

In low hand games, the player with the highest card showing pays the bring-in. The high card by suit order can be used to break ties, but more often the person closest to the dealer in order of rotation pays the bring-in.

In most fixed-limit and some spread-limit games, the bring-in amount is less than the normal betting minimum often half of this minimum. The player forced to pay the bring-in may choose either to pay only what is required in which case it functions similarly to a small blind or to make a normal bet.

Players acting after a sub-minimum bring-in have the right to call the bring-in as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet.

In a game where the bring-in is equal to the fixed bet this is rare and not recommended , the game must either allow the bring-in player to optionally come in for a raise, or else the bring-in must be treated as live in the same way as a blind, so that the player is guaranteed their right to raise on the first betting round the "option" if all other players call.

Some cash games, especially with blinds, require a new player to post when joining a game already in progress. Posting in this context means putting an amount equal to the big blind or the minimum bet into the pot before the deal.

This amount is also called a "dead blind". If the player is not facing a raise when the action gets to them, they may also "check their option" as if they were in the big blind.

A player who is away from their seat and misses one or more blinds is also required to post to reenter the game.

In this case, the amount to be posted is the amount of the big or small blind, or both, at the time the player missed them.

If both must be posted immediately upon return, the big blind amount is "live", but the small blind amount is "dead", meaning that it cannot be considered in determining a call or raise amount by that player.

Some house rules allow posting one blind per hand, largest first, meaning all posts of missed blinds are live. Posting is usually not required if the player who would otherwise post happens to be in the big blind.

This is because the advantage that would otherwise be gained by missing the blind, that of playing several hands before having to pay blinds, is not the case in this situation.

It is therefore common for a new player to lock up a seat and then wait several hands before joining a table, or for a returning player to sit out several hands until the big blind comes back around, so that they may enter in the big blind and avoid paying the post.

In online poker it is common for the post to be equal in size to a big blind and to be live, just like the big blind. This can create a tactical advantage for the player if they choose not to play during the time they would otherwise spend in the blind in full ring games.

A straddle bet is an optional and voluntary blind bet made by a player after the posting of the small and big blinds, but before cards are dealt.

Straddles are typically used only in cash games played with fixed blind structures. Some jurisdictions and casinos prohibit live straddles.

Straddles are normally not permitted in tournament formats and are rarely allowed online. The purpose of a straddle is to "buy" the privilege of last action, which on the first round with blinds is normally the player in the big blind.

A straddle or sleeper blind may count as a raise towards the maximum number of raises allowed, or it may count separately; in the latter case this raises the maximum total bet of the first round.

For example, straddling is permitted in Nevada and Atlantic City but illegal in other areas on account of differences in state and local laws.

The player immediately to the left of the big blind "under the gun", UTG may place a live straddle blind bet. The straddle must be the size of a normal raise over the big blind.

A straddle is a live bet; but does not become a "bigger blind". The straddle acts as a minimum raise but with the difference being that the straddler still gets their option of acting when the action returns to them.

In a No-Limit game if any other player wants to make a raise with a straddle on board, the minimum raise will be the difference between the big blind and the straddle.

Small Blind is 5, Big Blind is 10, a Straddle would be Action begins with the player to the left of the straddle.

If action returns to the straddle without a raise, the straddle has the option to raise. This is part of what makes a straddle different from a sleeper because a sleeper does not have the option to raise if everyone folds or calls around to him.

Some casinos permit the player to the left of a live straddle to re-straddle by placing a blind bet raising the original straddle.

Depending on house rules, each re-straddle is often required to be double the previous straddle, so as to limit the number of feasible re-straddles.

Straddling is considered poor long-term strategy by most experts, since the benefit of obtaining last action is more than offset by the cost of making a blind raise.

Because straddling has a tendency to enrich the average pot size without a corresponding increase in the blinds and antes if applicable , players who sit at tables that allow straddling can increase their profits considerably simply by choosing not to straddle themselves.

Straddling is voluntary at most cardrooms that allow it, however house rules can make straddling obligatory at times by using a special token called "the rock" at the table.

Whoever is in possession of the "rock" is obliged to place a live straddle for double the big blind when they are in the UTG position. The winner of the ensuing pot takes possession of the "rock" and is obliged to make a live straddle when the UTG position comes around to him.

If the pot is split the "rock" goes to the winner closest to the left i. This is very similar in principle to the "kill blind" of a kill game, but does not necessarily occur in the same circumstances, and the betting amounts do not have to be affected beyond the first round as in a kill game.

A Mississippi straddle is similar to a live straddle, but instead of being made by the player "under the gun", it can be made by any player, depending on house rules one common variation is to allow this left of big blind or on the button.

House rules permitting Mississippi straddles are common in the southern United States. Like a live straddle, a Mississippi straddle must be at least the minimum raise.

Action begins with the player to the left of the straddle in a common variation, action starts left of the big blind, skips over the straddle who is last.

If action gets back to the straddle the straddle has the option of raising. The player to the left of a Mississippi straddle may re-straddle by placing a blind bet raising the original straddle.

A sleeper is a blind raise, made from a position other than the player "under the gun". A sleeper bet is not given the option to raise if other players call, and the player is not buying last action; thus the sleeper bet simply establishes a higher minimum to call for the table during the opening round and allows the player to ignore their turn as long as no one re-raises the sleeper bet.

Sleepers are often considered illegal out-of-turn play and are commonly disallowed, but they can speed up a game slightly as a player who posts a sleeper can focus their attention on other matters such as ordering a drink or buying a tray of chips.

It can also be an intimidation tactic as a sleeper raise makes it unfeasible to "limp in" a situation where a player with a mediocre starting hand but acting late only has to call the minimum to see more cards , thus forcing weaker but improvable starting hands out of the play.

Alice is in the small blind, Dianne is in the big blind, Carol is next to act, followed by Joane, with Ellen on the button.

Glaubt er, dass der andere Spieler die Nuts hat, wird er keinen einzigen Chip mehr in die Mitte schieben.

Hat er aber nur geringe Zweifel, kann er mit guten Odds in den Pot gelockt werden. Solche Spieler bezahlen beispielsweise mit einem Pocket Pair, auch wenn sie eigentlich wissen, dass sie schon verloren haben.

Diese Spieler sind das ideale Ziel, um Value in den Pot zu bekommen. Ein weiterer Faktor sind die sogenannten Callschwellen.

Viele Spieler haben so eine Schwelle und sind nicht bereit, mehr als eine bestimmte Menge Chips zu callen. Nicht gewonnenes Geld ist, wie gesagt, immer auch verlorenes Geld.

Wer Value Bets oft zu hoch ansetzt, macht einen Fehler, den er abstellen sollte, auch wenn er den Pot gewinnt.

Spieler A steht am Flop und hat Top Pair. Spieler A geht von vielen Assen in der Range seines Gegners aus. Value Bets sind also relativ einfach, wenn man selbst eine starke Hand hat und der Gegner wohl eine schlechtere Hand, mit der er aber trotzdem callen wird.

Spielt der Gegner aggressiv und raist die Bet, sollte man seine Hand wohl eher aufgeben. Man sieht sich selbst zwar vorne, will aber kein All-in riskieren.

Hier verzichtet man auf eine Value Bet. Stattdessen bekommt der Gegner eine Freecard. Im besten Fall versucht der Gegner auf einer der kommenden Streets einen Bluff.

Aber auch ein Semibluff kann eine Value Bet sein.

A player may check by tapping the table or making any similar motion. All other bets are made by placing chips in front of the player, but not directly into the pot "splashing the pot" prevents other players from verifying the bet amount.

In general, the person to the left of the dealer acts first and action proceeds in a clockwise fashion. If any player has folded earlier, action proceeds to next player.

In games with blinds, the first round of betting begins with the player to the left of the blinds. In stud games, action begins with the player showing the strongest cards and proceeds clockwise.

If there is a bring-in, the first round of betting begins with the player obliged to post the bring-in. When checking, a player declines to make a bet; this indicates that they do not wish to open, but do wish to keep their cards and retain the right to call or raise later in the same round if an opponent opens.

In games played with blinds, players may not check on the opening round because the blinds are live bets and must be called or raised to remain in the hand.

A player who has posted the big blind has the right to raise on the first round, called the option , if no other player has raised; if they decline to raise they are said to check their option.

If all players check, the betting round is over with no additional money placed in the pot often called a free round or free card.

A common way to signify checking is to tap the table, either with a fist, knuckles, an open hand or the index finger s. Some poker variations have special rules about opening a round that may not apply to other bets.

For example, a game may have a betting structure that specifies different allowable amounts for opening than for other bets, or may require a player to hold certain cards such as "Jacks or better" to open.

Normally, a player makes a bet by placing the chips they wish to wager into the pot. Under normal circumstances, all other players still in the pot must either call the full amount of the bet or raise if they wish remain in, the only exceptions being when a player does not have sufficient stake remaining to call the full amount of the bet in which case they may either call with their remaining stake to go "all-in" or fold or when the player is already all-in.

To raise is to increase the size of an existing bet in the same betting round. A player making the second not counting the open or subsequent raise of a betting round is said to re-raise.

A player making a raise after previously checking in the same betting round is said to check-raise. The sum of the opening bet and all raises is the amount that all players in the hand must call in order to remain eligible to win the pot, subject to the table stakes rules described in the previous paragraph.

A bluff is when a player bets or raises when it is likely they do not have the best hand; it is often done in hopes that an opponent s will fold mediocre yet stronger hands.

When a player bets or raises with a weak hand that has a chance of improvement on a later betting round, the bet or raise is classified as a semi-bluff.

On the other hand, a bet made by a player who hopes or expects to be called by weaker hands is classified as a value bet.

In no-limit and pot-limit games, there is a minimum amount that is required to be bet in order to open the action. In games with blinds, this amount is usually the amount of the big blind.

Standard poker rules require that raises must be at least equal to the amount of the previous bet or raise. In no-limit and pot-limit games, if a player opens action in a betting round by placing any number of chips in the pot without a verbal declaration, or if they place two or more chips in the pot of sufficient value to raise an outstanding bet or raise without a verbal declaration, then the full amount placed in the pot will be assumed to be the amount of the bet or raise.

In such cases, instead of slowing down the game by asking the dealer or another player to provide "change" a player may simply verbally declare the amount they are betting while placing a chip s of sufficient value to make good on the bet.

Any "change" will be returned to them by the dealer if necessary. Today, most public cardrooms prefer for players to use the raise to standard as opposed to the raise by standard.

In fixed-limit games, the size of bets and raises is determined by the specified stakes. Also, in fixed-limit and spread-limit games most casinos cap the total number of raises allowed in a single betting round typically three or four, not including the opening bet of a round.

It is common to suspend this rule when there are only two players betting in the round called being heads-up , since either player can call the last raise if they wish.

Pot-limit and no-limit games do not have a limit on the number of raises. If, because of opening or raising, there is an amount bet that the player in-turn has not paid, the player must at least match that amount, or must fold; the player cannot pass or call a lesser amount except where table stakes rules apply.

To call is to match a bet or match a raise. The second and subsequent calls of a particular bet amount are sometimes called overcalls.

This term is also sometimes used to describe a call made by a player who has put money in the pot for this round already.

A player calling a raise before they have invested money in the pot in that round is cold calling. For example, if in a betting round, Alice bets, Dianne raises, and Carol calls, Carol "calls two bets cold".

A player calling instead of raising with a strong hand is smooth calling or flat calling , a form of slow play.

Calling in the final betting round when a player thinks they do not have the best hand is called a crying call.

Calling when a player has a relatively weak hand but suspects their opponent may be bluffing is called a hero call.

Calling a bet prior to the final betting round with the intention of bluffing on a later betting round is called a float. In public cardrooms, placing a single chip in the pot of any value sufficient to call an outstanding bet or raise without a verbal action declaring otherwise always constitutes a call.

If necessary, any "change" from the chip will be returned to the player at the end of the betting round, or perhaps even sooner if this can conveniently be done.

In public cardrooms and casinos where verbal declarations are binding, the word "call" is such a declaration.

Saying "I call" commits the player to the action of calling, and only calling. Note that the verb "see" can often be used instead of "call": However, terms such as "overseeing" and "cold seeing" are not valid.

No further bets are required by the folding player, but the player cannot win. For this reason it is also called mucking. Once a person indicates a fold or states I fold , that person cannot re-enter the hand.

In casinos in the United Kingdom , a player folds by giving their hand as is to the "house" dealer, who spreads the cards face up for the other players to see before mucking them.

When participating in the hand, a player is expected to keep track of the betting action. Losing track of the amount needed to call, called the bet to the player , happens occasionally, but multiple occurrences of this slow the game down and so it is discouraged.

The dealer may be given the responsibility of tracking the current bet amount, from which each player has only to subtract their contribution, if any, thus far.

To aid players in tracking bets, and to ensure all players have bet the correct amount, players stack the amount they have bet in the current round in front of them.

Tossing chips directly into the pot known as splashing the pot , though popular in film and television depictions of the game, causes confusion over the amount of a raise and can be used to hide the true amount of a bet.

Likewise, string raises , or the act of raising by first placing chips to call and then adding chips to raise, causes confusion over the amount bet.

Both actions are generally prohibited at casinos and discouraged at least in other cash games. Most actions calls, raises or folds occurring out-of-turn —when players to the right of the player acting have not yet made decisions as to their own action—are considered improper, for several reasons.

First, since actions by a player give information to other players, acting out of turn gives the person in turn information that they normally would not have, to the detriment of players who have already acted.

In some games, even folding in turn when a player has the option to check because there is no bet facing the player is considered folding out of turn since it gives away information which, if the player checked, other players would not have.

For instance, say that with three players in a hand, Player A has a weak hand but decides to try a bluff with a large opening bet.

Player C then folds out of turn while Player B is making up their mind. Player B now knows that if they fold, A will take the pot, and also knows that they cannot be re-raised if they call.

This may encourage Player B, if they have a good "drawing hand" a hand currently worth nothing but with a good chance to improve substantially in subsequent rounds , to call the bet, to the disadvantage of Player A.

Second, calling or raising out of turn, in addition to the information it provides, assumes all players who would act before the out of turn player would not exceed the amount of the out-of-turn bet.

This may not be the case, and would result in the player having to bet twice to cover preceding raises, which would cause confusion.

A player is never required to expose their concealed cards when folding or if all others have folded; this is only required at the showdown.

Many casinos and public cardrooms using a house dealer require players to protect their hands. This is done either by holding the cards or, if they are on the table, by placing a chip or other object on top.

Unprotected hands in such situations are generally considered folded and are mucked by the dealer when action reaches the player.

This can spark heated controversy, and is rarely done in private games. The style of game generally determines whether players should hold face-down cards in their hands or leave them on the table.

Unwary players can hold their hand such that a "rubbernecker" in an adjacent seat can sneak a peek at the cards.

Lastly, given the correct light and angles, players wearing glasses can inadvertently show their opponents their hole cards through the reflection in their glasses.

Making change out of the pot is allowed in most games; to avoid confusion, the player should announce their intentions first. Then, if opening or cold calling, the player may exchange a large chip for its full equivalent value out of the pot before placing their bet, or if overcalling may place the chip announcing that they are calling or raising a lesser amount and remove the change from their own bet for the round.

Making change should, in general, be done between hands whenever possible, when a player sees they are running low of an oft-used value.

The house dealer at casinos often maintains a bank and can make change for a large amount of chips, or in informal games players can make change with each other or with unused chips in the set.

This prevents stoppages of play while a player figures change for a bet. Similarly, buying in for an additional amount should be done between hands once the player sees that they will be out of chips within a couple of hands if buy-ins cannot be handled by the dealer it can take two or three hands for an attendant to bring another tray to the table.

Many tournaments require that larger denomination chips be stacked in front i. This is to discourage attempts to hide strength. Some informal games allow a bet to be made by placing the amount of cash on the table without converting it to chips, as this speeds up play.

However, the cash can easily be "ratholed" removed from play by simply pocketing it which is normally disallowed, and in casinos leaving cash on a table is a security risk, so many games and virtually all casinos require a formal "buy-in" when a player wishes to increase their stake.

Players in home games typically have both cash and chips available; thus, if money for expenses other than bets is needed, such as food, drinks and fresh decks of cards, players typically pay out of pocket.

In casinos and public cardrooms, however, the use of cash is occasionally restricted, so players often establish a small cache of chips called the "kitty", used to pay for such things.

Players contribute a chip of lowest value towards the kitty when they win a pot, and it pays for expenses other than bets such as "rent" formally known as time fees , tipping the dealer, buying fresh decks of cards some public cardrooms include this cost in the "rake" or other fees, while others charge for decks , and similar costs.

Public cardrooms have additional rules designed to speed up play, earn revenue for the casino such as the "rake" , improve security and discourage cheating.

All poker games require some forced bets to create an initial stake for the players to contest, as well as an initial cost of being dealt each hand for one or more players.

An ante is a forced bet in which all players put an equal amount of money or chips into the pot before the deal begins.

Often this is either a single unit a one-value or the smallest value in play or some other small amount; a proportion such as a half or a quarter of the minimum bet is also common.

An ante paid by every player ensures that a player who folds every round will lose money though slowly , thus providing all players with an incentive, however small, to play the hand rather than toss it in when the opening bet reaches them.

Antes are the most common forced bet in draw poker and stud poker but are uncommon in games featuring blind bets see next section. However, some tournament formats of games featuring blinds impose an ante to discourage extremely tight play.

Antes encourage players to play more loosely by lowering the cost of staying in the hand calling relative to the current pot size, offering better pot odds.

With antes, more players stay in the hand, which increases pot size and makes for more interesting play. This is considered important to ensure good ratings for televised tournament finals.

Most televised high-stakes cash games also use both blinds and antes. Televised cash games usually have one of the players, normally the dealer, pay for everyone to accelerate play.

If there are six players for example, the dealer would toss six times the ante into the pot, paying for each person.

In live cash games where the acting dealer changes each turn, it is not uncommon for the players to agree that the dealer or some other position relative to the button provides the ante for each player.

This simplifies betting, but causes minor inequities if other players come and go or miss their turn to deal.

During such times, the player can be given a special button indicating the need to pay an ante to the pot known as "posting"; see below upon their return.

Some cardrooms eliminate these inequities by always dealing all players into every hand whether they are present or not.

In such cases casino staff or neighboring players under staff supervision will be expected to post antes and fold hands on behalf of absent players as necessary.

A blind bet or just blind is a forced bet placed into the pot by one or more players before the deal begins, in a way that simulates bets made during play.

The most common use of blinds as a betting structure calls for two blinds: This two-blind structure, sometimes with antes, is the dominating structure of play for community card poker games such as Texas hold-em.

Sometimes only one blind is used often informally as a "price of winning" the previous hand , and sometimes three are used this is sometimes seen in Omaha.

In the case of three blinds usually one quarter, one quarter, and half a normal bet amount , the first blind goes "on the button", that is, is paid by the dealer.

A blind is usually a "live bet"; the amount paid as the blind is considered when figuring the bet to that player the amount needed to call during the first round.

However, some situations, such as when a player was absent from the table during a hand in which they should have paid a blind, call for placing a "dead blind"; the blind does not count as a bet.

If there have been no raises when action first gets to the big blind that is, the bet amount facing them is just the amount of the big blind they posted , the big blind has the ability to raise or check.

This right to raise called the option occurs only once. As with any raise, if their raise is now called by every player, the first betting round closes as usual.

The need for this rule is eliminated in casinos that deal in absent players as described above. Also the rule is for temporary absences only; if a player leaves the table permanently, special rules govern the assigning of blinds and button see next subsection.

In some fixed-limit and spread-limit games, especially if three blinds are used, the big blind amount may be less than the normal betting minimum.

Players acting after a sub-minimum blind have the right to call the blind as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet.

When one or more players pays the small or big blinds for a hand, then after that hand permanently leaves the game by "busting out" in a tournament or simply calling it a night at a public cardroom , an adjustment is required in the positioning of the blinds and the button.

There are three common rule sets to determine this:. In tournaments, the dead button and moving button rules are common replacement players are generally not a part of tournaments.

Online cash games generally use the simplified moving button as other methods are more difficult to codify and can be abused by players constantly entering and leaving.

Casino card rooms where players can come and go can use any of the three rulesets, though moving button is most common. For these reasons, new players must often post a "live" big blind to enter regardless of their position at the table.

The normal rules for positioning the blinds do not apply when there are only two players at the table. The player on the button is always due the small blind, and the other player must pay the big blind.

The player on the button is therefore the first to act before the flop, but last to act for all remaining betting rounds.

A special rule is also applied for placement of the button whenever the size of the table shrinks to two players. If three or more players are involved in a hand, and at the conclusion of the hand one or more players have busted out such that only two players remain for the next hand, the position of the button may need to be adjusted to begin heads-up play.

The big blind always continues moving, and then the button is positioned accordingly. For example, in a three-handed game, Alice is the button, Dianne is the small blind, and Carol is the big blind.

If Alice busts out, the next hand Dianne will be the big blind, and the button will skip past Dianne and move to Carol.

On the other hand, if Carol busts out, Alice will be the big blind, Dianne will get the button and will have to pay the small blind for the second hand in a row.

A kill blind is a special blind bet made by a player who triggers the kill in a kill game see below. It is often twice the amount of the big blind or minimum bet known as a full kill , but can be 1.

This blind is "live"; the player posting it normally acts last in the opening round after the other blinds, regardless of relative position at the table , and other players must call the amount of the kill blind to play.

As any player can trigger a kill, there is the possibility that the player must post a kill blind when they are already due to pay one of the other blinds.

Rules vary on how this is handled. A bring-in is a type of forced bet that occurs after the cards are initially dealt, but before any other action.

One player, usually chosen by the value of cards dealt face up on the initial deal, is forced to open the betting by some small amount, after which players act after them in normal rotation.

Because of this random first action, bring-ins are usually used in games with an ante instead of structured blind bets. The bring-in is normally assigned on the first betting round of a stud poker game to the player whose upcards indicate the poorest hand.

For example, in traditional high hand stud games and high-low split games, the player showing the lowest card pays the bring-in. In low hand games, the player with the highest card showing pays the bring-in.

The high card by suit order can be used to break ties, but more often the person closest to the dealer in order of rotation pays the bring-in.

In most fixed-limit and some spread-limit games, the bring-in amount is less than the normal betting minimum often half of this minimum.

The player forced to pay the bring-in may choose either to pay only what is required in which case it functions similarly to a small blind or to make a normal bet.

Players acting after a sub-minimum bring-in have the right to call the bring-in as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet.

In a game where the bring-in is equal to the fixed bet this is rare and not recommended , the game must either allow the bring-in player to optionally come in for a raise, or else the bring-in must be treated as live in the same way as a blind, so that the player is guaranteed their right to raise on the first betting round the "option" if all other players call.

Some cash games, especially with blinds, require a new player to post when joining a game already in progress. Posting in this context means putting an amount equal to the big blind or the minimum bet into the pot before the deal.

This amount is also called a "dead blind". If the player is not facing a raise when the action gets to them, they may also "check their option" as if they were in the big blind.

A player who is away from their seat and misses one or more blinds is also required to post to reenter the game. In this case, the amount to be posted is the amount of the big or small blind, or both, at the time the player missed them.

If both must be posted immediately upon return, the big blind amount is "live", but the small blind amount is "dead", meaning that it cannot be considered in determining a call or raise amount by that player.

Some house rules allow posting one blind per hand, largest first, meaning all posts of missed blinds are live.

Posting is usually not required if the player who would otherwise post happens to be in the big blind. This is because the advantage that would otherwise be gained by missing the blind, that of playing several hands before having to pay blinds, is not the case in this situation.

It is therefore common for a new player to lock up a seat and then wait several hands before joining a table, or for a returning player to sit out several hands until the big blind comes back around, so that they may enter in the big blind and avoid paying the post.

In online poker it is common for the post to be equal in size to a big blind and to be live, just like the big blind. This can create a tactical advantage for the player if they choose not to play during the time they would otherwise spend in the blind in full ring games.

A straddle bet is an optional and voluntary blind bet made by a player after the posting of the small and big blinds, but before cards are dealt.

Straddles are typically used only in cash games played with fixed blind structures. Spieler A steht am Flop und hat Top Pair.

Spieler A geht von vielen Assen in der Range seines Gegners aus. Value Bets sind also relativ einfach, wenn man selbst eine starke Hand hat und der Gegner wohl eine schlechtere Hand, mit der er aber trotzdem callen wird.

Spielt der Gegner aggressiv und raist die Bet, sollte man seine Hand wohl eher aufgeben. Man sieht sich selbst zwar vorne, will aber kein All-in riskieren.

Hier verzichtet man auf eine Value Bet. Stattdessen bekommt der Gegner eine Freecard. Im besten Fall versucht der Gegner auf einer der kommenden Streets einen Bluff.

Aber auch ein Semibluff kann eine Value Bet sein. Spieler A ist am Button und hat Der Small Blind hat Der Flop kommt mit K Am Turn kommt eine dritte.

Dies war somit eine Value Bet. Spieler A hat J in Pick. Der Flop kommt mit Qs-3s-9h. Zuerst bringt Spieler A eine Continuation Bet.

Bet poker - necessary phrase

Wähle im Menü "PokerStars School" aus. Alle Tipps und Strategien von Poker. Lizenz erneuert am Aber auch ein Semibluff kann eine Value Bet sein. Shortstack der Spieler mit den wenigsten Chips. Nuts die bestmögliche Hand.

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